Anyone can create a Bitcoin account, without charge and without any centralized vetting procedure—or even a requirement to provide a real name. Collectively, these rules yield a system that is understood to be more flexible, more private, and less amenable to regulatory oversight than other forms of payment—though as we discuss, all these benefits face important limits. Bitcoin is of interest to economists as a virtual currency with potential to disrupt existing payment systems and perhaps even monetary systems.
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Cambiando el futuro: “Blockchain” y Educación" | Píxel-Bit. Revista de Medios y Educación
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Home Journals Economics Letters. ISSN: Economics Letters. Editors: Badi H. Harrington , Costas Meghir , Eric R. View Editorial Board. CiteScore: 2. CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a range of four years e. Impact Factor: 1. Including standard and desk rejects. Time to first decision: 3. This follows the ideas forwarded by thinkers such as Friedrich Kittler and Paul Virilio, that the contemporary cultural condition is an essential coupling of war and media, and the cybernetic logistics of command, control, communications and intelligence. Strictly military networks extend to, and influence, the business and entertainment media.
Mullarkey discusses how Bergson famously scorned the diagrammatic image of a time as a time-line in a spatialisation of duration. For his part, Dodd considers money as a social form. For example, the universal commodity form Marx , a claim upon society Simmel , diffuse social media Zelizer , a social technology Ingram , an instrument of collective memory Hart , a generalised symbolic medium Parsons , a social process of commensuration Maurer , and a communal illusion Karatani Dodd, , p 8 One must consider if bitcoin can be considered in terms of a social form.
Nakamoto is predominantly, in the white paper, outlining a currency. This makes dubious the bitcoin trust in the digital. Market singularities are markets for particular goods and services that are of uncertain and incommensurable value. These singularities markets have communities of followers and a distinctive belief system. There is also the sense that every sentence that begins to be written about bitcoin is superseded by events before it is even finished.
Bitcoin appears more durable at present. Over cryptocurrencies have been launched since bitcoin.
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If data moves across screens, so can its material incarnations move across shop windows and other enclosures. Why not apply fair use to space, parks, and swimming pools? Why not open-source water, energy, and Dom Perignon champagne? There is frequent assertion that contemporary technological arrangements are essentially a neutral set of tools that can be used in many different ways, including in the service of an emancipatory politics. Hoofd explores an analogous situation whereby digital activism—or the employment of digital technology—replicates the valorisation of speed, connectivity, and digital activity of the subject-agent of digital neoliberalism.
This may actually have the outcome of accelerating and strengthening the spin of the digital neoliberal globe. Political activism means creatively using available tools and material resources, but it should not entail imagining the tools themselves to have intrinsic redemptive values. Aranda J et al. Baldwin J The financial crash and hyper-real economy. Thought Catalog, New York.
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Google Scholar. Baran P On distributed communication networks. Accessed 17 April Barber A Bitcoin and the philosophy of money: evaluating the commodity status of digital currencies. Spectra 4 2. Accessed 18 Sept Berners-Lee T Weaving the web—The original design and ultimate destiny of the world wide web by its inventor.
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Harper, San Francisco. Berry D The problem of networks. Theory Cult Soc 25 7—8 — Article Google Scholar. Bolimer G Inhuman networks: social media and the archaeology of connection. Bloomsbury, New York. Verso, London and New York. Dallyn S Cryptocurrencies as market singularities: the strange case of bitcoin. J Cult Econ 10 5 — Dodd N The social life of money. DuPont Q The politics of cryptography: bitcoin and the ordering machines. J Peer Prod 4. Accessed 18 June Easterling K An Internet of things. Elmer G Critical perspectives on the Internet.
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Bitcoin: Economics, Technology, and Governance
Fuchs C Information and communication technologies and society. A contribution to the critique of the political economy of the Internet. Eur J Commun 24 1 — What Is digital work? And why do these questions matter for understanding social media?
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Garrod JZ The real world of the decentralized autonomous society. Golumbia D The politics of bitcoin—Software as right-wing extremism. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. Goux J The coiners of language. Hoofd I Ambiguities of activism: alter-globalism and the imperatives of speed. Routledge, London and New York. Kelly B The bitcoin big bang: how alternative currencies are about to change the world.